第二次世界大戦下の日系人収容を改めて謝罪したバイデン大統領の声明文にある難解語彙を学習しよう。

政治・社会・事件
政治・社会・事件
この記事は約4分で読めます。

アメリカのバイデン大統領の声明文で語彙力をアップさせましょう。

全文

Seventy-nine years ago today, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which stripped Japanese Americans of their civil rights and led to the wrongful internment of some 120,000 Americans of Japanese descent. In one of the most shameful periods in American history, Japanese Americans were targeted and imprisoned simply because of their heritage. Families were forced to abandon their homes, communities, and businesses to live for years in inhumane concentration camps throughout the United States. These actions by the Federal government were immoral and unconstitutional — yet they were upheld by the Supreme Court in one of the gravest miscarriages of justice in the Court’s history.

America failed to live up to our founding ideals of liberty and justice for all, and today we reaffirm the Federal government’s formal apology to Japanese Americans for the suffering inflicted by these policies. The internment of Japanese Americans also serves as a stark reminder of the tragic human consequences of systemic racism, xenophobia, and nativism. I reflect on the bravery of so many Japanese Americans who stood up against this hateful policy, including civil rights leaders like Fred Korematsu who fought against Japanese internment and were a symbol of hope. Their legacies remind us all that civil liberties must be vigorously defended and protected.

THE WHITE HOUSE

難解単語

英語上級者は正しい発音と共に全ておさえておきましょう。

internment

  • 意味:抑留

inhumane

  • 意味:非人道的な
  • 発音は「インヒューメイン」のようなかんじ。

uphold

  • 意味:指示する

miscarriage

  • 意味:誤り
  • miscarriage は「流産」という意味で使う場合も多いです。
  • miscarriage of justice で「誤審」となります。

reaffirm

  • 意味:再確認する

inflict

  • 意味:課する、負わせる

stark

  • 意味:明らかな

xenophobia

  • 意味:外国嫌い、よそ者を嫌うこと

nativism

  • 意味:移民排斥主義、先住民保護政策
  • 発音は「ネイティビズム」のようなかんじ。
せいと
せいと

自分たちより後に移り住んできた日本人を第二次大戦中に虐げたアメリカ人は、自分たちがイギリスから移り住んできたときは元々住んでいた先住民を虐げています。

せいと
せいと

都合のいい人たちですね。

vigorously

  • 意味:きっぱりと
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